Depending on the sport practiced and the physical attributes it requires, the athletes will look for one or more of the following benefits of doping: recovering from an injury, increasing body recovery capacity after training, increasing muscle mass and strength, decreasing fat tissue, increasing endurance.
What is the impact of doping on sports?
It builds muscle but causes abnormal growth, heart disease, diabetes, thyroid problems, hypertension, blood cancers and arthritis. Other adverse effects include joint pain, muscle weakness, visual disturbances, enlarged heart and diabetes.
Why doping should be allowed in sports?
By allowing everyone to take performance enhancing drugs, we level the playing field. We remove the effects of genetic inequality. Far from being unfair, allowing performance enhancement promotes equality.
What are the benefits of using steroids in sport?
Besides making muscles bigger, anabolic steroids may reduce the muscle damage that occurs during a hard workout, helping athletes recover from the session more quickly and enabling them to work out harder and more frequently.
What are the pros and cons of performance enhancing drugs?
Athletes use the drugs illicitly to increase alertness, competitiveness, responsiveness, and weight loss. However, side-effects of the drugs include addiction, aggression, anxiety, hypertension, brain hemorrhage, coma, convulsions, dehydration, heart attacks, insomnia, stroke, tremors, and even death.
How does doping improve performance?
In short, blood doping increases the number of red blood cells available to provide oxygen to the athlete’s muscles, allowing for improved performance. Studies have shown that this method can increase performance by up to 10%, especially in endurance sports.
What do performance-enhancing drugs do?
Appearance and performance enhancing drugs (APEDs) are most often used by males to improve appearance by building muscle mass or to enhance athletic performance.
Why do athletes take drugs in sport?
Athletic life may lead to drug abuse for a number of reasons, including for performance enhancement, to self-treat otherwise untreated mental illness, and to deal with stressors, such as pressure to perform, injuries, physical pain, and retirement from sport.
Should athletes be allowed to use steroids?
Using steroids to improve athletic performance is considered cheating, and can lead to athletes being penalized or banned from participating in sports. More importantly, using performance-enhancing steroids can have serious, long-term health consequences.
Which athletes would benefit the most from blood doping and why?
So increasing hemoglobin allows higher amounts of oxygen to reach and fuel an athlete’s muscles. This can improve stamina and performance, particularly in long-distance events, such as running and cycling. Blood doping is banned by the International Olympic Committee and other sports organizations.
What sports benefit from stimulants?
Stimulants are used in team contact sports such as ice hockey and American football and sports which require quick reaction times such as baseball.
Why doping is banned in sports?
The reasons for the ban are mainly the health risks of performance-enhancing drugs, the equality of opportunity for athletes, and the exemplary effect of drug-free sport for the public. Anti-doping authorities state that using performance-enhancing drugs goes against the “spirit of sport”.
What are the negative impacts to the human body of blood doping?
By increasing the number of red blood cells, blood doping causes the blood to thicken. This thickening forces the heart to work harder than normal to pump blood throughout the body. As a result, blood doping raises the risk of: blood clot.
What are the causes of doping?
The main reasons for using doping drugs were to improve appearance and to enhance performance in sports (Kindlundh et al., 1998). However, 30% of athletes managers, and coaches and 21% of doctors indicated that drugs or other doping practices could enhance athletic performance (Scarpino et al., 1990).